Quick Answer: Who Was The Best Viceroy Of India?

What Viceroy means?

1 : the governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of a king or sovereign.

2 or viceroy butterfly : a showy North American nymphalid butterfly (Limenitis archippus) closely mimicking the monarch in coloration but smaller..

How many Viceroys are there in India?

List of Governors-GeneralName (Birth–Death)Term of officeAppointerThe Viscount Canning (1812–1862)28 February 1856East India Company (1773–1858)Governors-General and Viceroys of India, 1858–1947The Viscount Canning (1812–1862)1 November 1858Victoria (1837–1901)The Earl of Elgin (1811–1863)21 March 186243 more rows

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Hardinge II1910 – 1916Lord Chelmsford1916 – 1921Lord Reading1921 – 1926Lord Irwin1926 – 193116 more rows

Who was the last Viceroy of India during British rule?

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

What is difference between Viceroy and Governor General?

What is the difference between a governor general and a viceroy? Governor General was a post for Administration whereas Viceroy was for Diplomacy. After 1858, British Crown assumed sovereignty of India from the East India Company (EIC) via Government of India Act 1858.

Who is known as Viceroy of reverse character?

Lord LyttonLord Lytton (AD 1872-76) : Known as the ‘Viceroy of Reverse Character’

Why is Lord Lytton called Viceroy of reverse character?

LORD LYTTON (1876 – 1880) He was also known as the Viceroy to reverse characters. He Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser I Hind’. In 1878, the Vernacular Press Act was passed.

Which Viceroy has been described as a brilliant failure?

Lord LyttonNotes: The viceroyship of Lord Lytton is called \”Brilliant Failure\”. He was appointed as the viceroy of India in the year 1876.

Who is first Governor of Bengal?

Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

When did English came to India?

The British landed in India in Surat on August 24, 1608. While India has a rich and recorded history going back 4000 years to the Indus Valley Civilisation in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Britain had no indigenous written language until the 9th century almost 3000 years after India.

Who is the first woman governor of West Bengal?

GovernorsS. No.NameState1Sarojini NaiduUttar Pradesh2Padmaja NaiduWest Bengal3Vijayalakshmi PanditMaharashtra4Sharda MukherjeeAndhra Pradesh27 more rows

Who is the 1st Viceroy of India?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947-August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948-1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

Which Viceroy has longest tenure in India?

Lord LinlithgowNotes: Lord Linlithgow served as the viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943. His seven years tenure made him the longest-serving Viceroy of India.

Who was given the title of viceroy?

Under Government of India Act of 1858, power transferred from East India Company to the British Crown. The Governor-General was given the title of Viceroy or Crown’s personal representative. Lord Canning became the first Viceroy.

Who was the second last Viceroy of India?

Lord MountbattenList of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

How many presidencies are there in British India?

By the mid-18th century three Presidency towns: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called “Presidencies”.

What was reason behind Lytton resignation?

In consequence of what had been said of Lytton by the leaders of the parliamentary opposition in England, it was impossible for him to retain his office under a government formed by them, and he accordingly resigned at the same time as the Beaconsfield ministry. This part of his policy was thereupon revoked.